Jallikattu is typically practised in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu as a part of Pongal celebrations on Mattu Pongal day, which occurs annually in January.
January 2022, PETA India investigated seven jallikattu events in Tamil Nadu, highlighting, such events’ extreme cruelty to bulls. PETA India’s petition states that these events are inherently cruel forms of bullying that exploit bulls’ natural instinct as prey animals to flee in response to pain and fear. The evidence, in the form of photographs and video footage, shows that during jallikattu events, bulls are hit, tackled, and poked with wooden sticks (including nail-studded ones) and other sharp objects. Their tails are bitten and twisted, and they’re treated in other cruel ways. At four out of the seven jallikattu events investigated in 2022, exhausted and dehydrated animals were forced to participate after being made to stand in queues for several hours without overhead shelter or sufficient water or feed.